Headaches are a very bothering problem. Although headaches often indicate a severe illness, most headaches do not. Anxiety and migraines are responsible for 90% of headaches. Headaches can be various types such as tension headache or anxiety headache, migraine headache, cluster headache, sinus headache, acute headache, eye headache or eye headache, hormonal headache etc.
Headaches can also be caused by brain tumours, bleeding inside the brain membranes, high blood pressure, etc. The brain has no pain fibre of its own, so the brain cannot feel its pain. There are some causes for pain on one side of the head, such as Migraine headaches are usually on one side of the head, and tension-type headaches are all over the head. Cluster headaches are inside the eyes.
TENSION HEADACHES :
In generally, Headaches usually occur on both sides of the head. Intense pressure is felt on the head, and the pain can go up to the neck. Pain can increase due to stress. Men and women suffer from headaches equally.
It is usually treated with painkillers.
MIGRAINE’S HEADACHES :
Usually, 12-16 per cent of people suffer from this type of headache. Migraine pain is more common in women. Migraine symptoms usually occur between the ages of 15-16 and, in most cases, last until the age of 40-50. During a migraine attack, the brain’s chemical carrier serotonin levels increase, causing the arteries outside the head to dilate.
Sumatriptan, as a treatment for acute attacks, can be given orally or by injection.
HEADACHES OF SINUS :
People who have frequent colds and coughs are more likely to get this type of headache from sinusitis. Antibiotics, nasal decongestants or nasal sprays are used as treatment.
HORMONAL HEADACHES :
When women are menstruating, they get headaches due to the rise of progesterone and estrogen hormones. Taking birth control pills can also cause headaches. This type of headache no longer occurs when the menstrual cycle is over or if you stop taking birth control pills.